The Caribbean Sea also known as the Sea of Antilles, located in the center of the Americas, has always been a major player in its history. Since the physical union of the continent through Central America, the colonizing migrations of man, the discovery by Europe, the colonial and post independence period to the present day has been and always will be home of it’s own destiny, whatever it is.
The hemispheric location of the Caribbean Sea is below the Tropic of Cancer in the northern intertropical band of America. With a pleasant climate that is disturbed only occasionally by tropical storms the life develops in its multiple forms. The average annual temperatures is around the 73ºF (23ºC), with oscillations between day and night to over 50ºF (10ºC). Most days are sunny, some cloud and in the driest places in the Caribbean are very few rainy days throughout the year. The perfect time to visit the Caribbean is in the dry season which corresponds to the months between December and May.
The Caribbean basin is mainly limited by the Tectonic Caribbean Plate, which includes the northern coast of South America, Central America and by the east the chain of islands in the Antilles. For historical and cultural reasons it’s also included El Salvador, Guatemala, the Bahamas and Barbados. Terrestrial Geography is very diverse in it’s origin topographic and landscape.
The Nature of the Caribbean Basin is characterized by its biodiversity, both terrestrial and aquatic, developed into a warm and humid environmente suitable for the evolution of life as we know it. The diversity of biomes is notable from the semi-desert to the rainforest, and in some places small patches of cloud forest. There are not many aquatic biomes but its biodiversity is well known as is the case of coral reefs. With the inclusion of mangroves forests a large area of the Caribbean Sea coast is added . As an extra bonus we can mention the freshwater systems with the rivers, moust of then of short length. All this natural systems contribute more or less to the exuberance of life that stirs in the Caribbean Sea.
Several theories have been proposed for the colonization of the Americas. Regardless from were they came the Caribbean Sea is a north-south passing point, if it was not a crossing or meeting place of different human groups. In Central America has developed one of the most mysterious and well advanced cultures of the many of all America, even today is giving surprises with its archaeological finds. The History of the Caribbean since the voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492 was a meeting full of surprises for both cultures, which represented almost the disappearance of the Mesoamericans. The colonial era was a struggle of European powers in America, with the touch of pepper of the pirates which ransacked all the traffic to Europe, most of it to Spain to whom these waters belonged.
Tourism is the main vocation of this region, because it has a climate that rarely disagrees, and has created an environment that encourages relaxing the internal stress. In the Caribe the light illuminates everything, sometimes to the glare, but allows before and after noon, to illuminate the shadows. Watch the landscapes horizon with a distant multicolor sunset where the gaze is lost, and plan the night activities with a colorful sunsets. Maritime traffic is important not only the trade through the Panama channel, also for the tourist cruiser that stops in all the interesting places all these waters. The only problem with the Caribbean Sea is that you get accustom to it very easily and is hard to get back to home, but the Caribbean guarantees you that whenever you return it will be there for you.
Geographic location is important, especially to know where you are and where you want to go. The Maps go from the general to the particular so it can include different aspects of each place. For more details our Caribbean Sea maps flows into Google, which can achieve high levels of detail and photographic information. Just to get an idea on how it is, the Caribbean network is already online and it is well developed and interconnected.